National Farmers' Federation

Farmers in crisis: Depression and anxiety rife among Aussie farmers

New research shines a light on Australian farmer mental health with saddening statistics around self-harm and suicide, sparking calls for government support and industry-wide collaboration to create farmer-to-farmer support networks across the country.

New research released today paints a saddening picture of the mental health of Australia’s hard-working farmers with close to third (30%) reporting a decline in their mental health over the past few years.

The National Farmer Wellbeing Report[1] commissioned by Norco – Australia’s oldest and largest 100% farmer owned dairy co-operative – in partnership with the National Farmers’ Federation, has found that in recent years, nearly half of Australian farmers (45%) have felt depressed, with almost two thirds (64%) experiencing anxiety. For one in seven (14%), it’s a frequent experience.

Even more devastating, close to half of Australian farmers (45%) have had thoughts of self-harm or suicide, while close to a third (30%) have attempted self-harm or suicide.

Shining a spotlight on a national health crisis needing urgent attention, this data adds to existing bodies of research which found that one farmer commits suicide every 10 days2 and Australian farmers are twice as likely to commit suicide when compared to the general population2.

More than a quarter of farmers (27%) say feelings of loneliness or isolation, combined with limited access to mental health services have had the biggest impact on their mental health over the past five years.

Impact of natural disasters

According to the Report, the top three factors impacting farmer mental health were weather or natural disasters (47%), financial stress (36%) and inflation and cost pressures (35%).

Quantifying the impact across the country, it also found that 88% of Australian farmers have had their farming operation significantly impacted by natural disasters over the past five years, with an average cost of $1.4 million per farm.

When asked what was most emotionally taxing about the experience, more than half (54%) cited the financial burden, followed by the impact on animals and loss of stock (39%), and the physical rebuild and recovery process (37%).

One in five Aussie farmers (20%) reported feeling completely defeated and wanting to give up following an event, and of the 40% of farmers who have contemplated leaving the industry, close to a quarter cite the impact of natural disasters as the main reason why. 

Michael Hampson, Norco Chief Executive Officer comments that while the research findings are incredibly saddening, it was important to be able to understand just how pronounced the issue of mental health had become, especially in light of recent natural disasters.  

“We saw first-hand the devastating impacts the unprecedented flooding event twelve months ago combined with the ongoing wet weather has on our farmers, many of whom are still rebuilding physically, financially, and emotionally.

“Overlay this with years of heavy drought, bushfires and now rising input costs across all farming sectors and it’s unfortunately the reality that many farmers are doing it tough.

The research has solidified an issue that we were concerned existed, however the breadth and depth of this issue is really quite profound.  What we now need to do is consider how we, as an industry and a country for that matter, can help address these challenges and work collectively to better support our highly valued and hardworking farmers well into the future,” he says.

Supporting and valuing Aussie farmers

Potentially contributing to the issue, the Report found that more than three quarters (76%) of Australian farmers believe that the role they play is undervalued by the Australian public. They also believe that rural and remote communities are forgotten about and left behind when it comes to public policies and services, with one in ten (11%) calling for more support and funding from the Government.

Michael Hampson adds that its devastating that such a high proportion of farmers don’t feel that what they do is valued.

“Our farmers really are the backbone of this nation and work tirelessly to deliver essential goods to feed the Australian public, so it’s clear that more work needs to be done to acknowledge this and plug the appreciation gap.

“To help ensure our farmers feel valued, there’s really no better place to start than by making sure that we, as Australians, choose Aussie farmer products over foreign companies and imported products,” he says.

“This is a simple, first step that Australian consumers can get behind. But beyond this, we also need to consider ways in which we can actively help address the issue of declining mental health within our farming communities.

Hampson adds that Norco currently has a number of support initiatives already in place which include providing mental health training, access to mental health tools and support, fundraising for research and hosting community wellness events.

But he also says that as a 100% farmer-owned co-operative, Norco is taking a longer-term view on this issue.

“When it comes to the issue of mental health, we know that farmer-to-farmer support is key, as farmers in need are most likely to open up to a fellow farmer, or someone who understands firsthand the struggles they’re experiencing.

“To help build these support networks, Norco is committing to creating mental health champions in and around our organisation,” he says.

“This would include having our field officers, select co-op farmer members, senior executive team and Board of Directors all being offered enrolment in a program such as the Lifeline Crisis Supporter Training, so that key members of our organisation have the right tools and can develop the necessary skills to identify and provide support to those in our farming communities who may be struggling.

Barriers to mental health support – calls for Government support

Findings from the Report indicate that many farmers are suffering in silence with more than half (51%) not wanting to burden family or friends with their problems or are simply not comfortable discussing them.

“But we also know that the issue is far bigger than just our farming communities alone. It really requires an industry-wide approach to ensure that farmers across the country have access to the support and services they require – because the future of our industry really does rely on it,” he adds.

For those who have experienced mental health challenges, close to one in five (17%) did not want to seek or receive help, while one in ten (11%) felt too embarrassed to do so. One in seven farmers (15%) also reported difficulty accessing suitable services in their community.

David Jochinke, National Farmers’ Federation Vice President comments that the data highlights a sense of shame and stigma that’s still felt by many farmers when it comes to discussing their mental health, and urges Governments and industry representatives to step in.

“Farmers are built tough and can certainly endure a lot, but it’s incredibly important that we work to normalise the issue of mental health and give our farmers both permission and a safe space to share their struggles.

“But to do this effectively, we need to have the right resources and support mechanisms in place to adequately address their challenges.

“This is a complex issue that requires a robust and whole of industry approach, and we applaud Norco’s commitment to creating mental health advocates in farming communities, and we support their calls for greater industry participation on this front.

“But beyond that, were also calling on all levels of government to urgently assess the resourcing they provide to farming communities as its clear their unique needs are not being met by existing services.

“We need dedicated resourcing to tackle farmers’ mental health challenges, and that needs to come from each level of government with leadership from the Commonwealth,” he adds.

Proven benefits of farmer-to-farmer support

Supporting efforts to create a ‘farmer army’ of mental health advocates across the country is Norco dairy farmer and crisis counsellor, Ross Blanch, who, for the past four years has been operating a farmer-to-farmer help line established and run by Lifeline Queensland.

Initially motivated by the emotional toll the drought was having on farmers, the Lifeline service saw a 40 per cent increase in community referrals following last year’s floods. And for Ross, while it initially started as a way of helping and giving back, he couldn’t have imagined the impact it would have.

“Farming is tough, both financially and emotionally, but farmers tend to brush off their issues and say they’ll be alright – but it’s extremely important they have someone to talk to who understands and has experienced the same struggles they are,” he says. 

“I am now speaking to farmers as far south as South Australia, to as far north as Rockhampton in Queensland, and I have between 150 and 200 farmers that I regularly check in with. 

“In the work that I do, I help farmers change their thinking patterns and after an hour and a half of conversation and support, they’re different people – it’s a process and service which truly saves lives,” he adds.

To download the full National Farmer Wellbeing Report please visit here. The recommendations have been developed in partnership between Norco and the National Farmers’ Federation, in consultation with The Black Dog Institute.

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  • 1Research was conducted by Pure Profile on behalf of Norco, in partnership with the National Farmers’ Federation between February 2 and February 17, 2023. The research surveyed 1,338 Australian farmers aged 18+ with representation from all states and territories across Australia, as well as a cross section of farming sectors.
  • 2 National Rural Health Alliance. Farmer Suicides – Exploring Ten Years of Coronial Data (2009-2018)